日期：2023-12-02 ~ 2023-12-30
（Suprématisme）具有俄國虛無主義的傾向，深受俄國哲學思想家貝地亞夫（Nikolai Berdyaev）的影響，強調人類的自由與存在的精神意志。其思想內涵跨越艾卡特（Maître Eckart）到海德格（Martin Heidegger）的存在與現象理論，匯聚謝林（Friedrich Wilhelm Joseph von Schelling）、叔本華（Arthur Schopenhauer）和尼采（Friedrich Wilhelm Nietzsche）對物自體與表象的區分。
易經則是對沈昌明來說的中心經典。《易經》是中國哲學的宇宙論基礎，也是人類道德的基礎，《易經》認為陰陽運動是事物發展的基本規律。世界由陰陽兩個方面構成，兩種力量，相反相成，相互推移，不可偏廢，構成事物的本性及其運動的法則。哲學家談論的是宇宙世界的存在性，科學家則不斷探究更早的世界形成，「大爆炸」理論中，我們的宇宙不含物質，違反所有物理定律的無限細小、高溫和密集的區域。開始了一次突然和劇烈的擴張過程，使物質得以形成。艾哈邁德·法拉格·阿裡(Ahmed Farag Ali)和修恩·達斯(Sauya Das)，發表文章，通過修改量子方程和軌道建設出一個新模型 。這項新假説指出宇宙是由量子流體(quantum fluid)所構成的，含有大量假想引力子(gravitons) ，由此模型推論宇宙有永久的生命，宇宙從未有開始，更不會有終結。我們對於世界的理解從原先的本體論（ontology）變成了認識論（epistemic）。斯賓諾莎在《倫理學》中對神的看法是，他認為神是決定論宇宙的一環，沒有任何事情是偶然發生的。愛因斯坦從斯賓諾莎思想的精神中發展出一套決定性本質的概念，認為萬物規律受到嚴格的法則所規範。
Artistic energy created with quantum mechanics by Sheng Chang-Ming
Leonardo da Vinci understood "science" as "knowledge" and "art" as a method of reflecting "specialized techniques." The passion invested in creating a painting with various natural elements may involve the entire scientific research process. Leonardo＆#039;s sketches of machines or anatomical drawings, reflecting the artist＆#039;s fascination with both nature and science, require significant artistic talent to view art and science as inseparable components.
Humanities and science, seemingly two parallel lines that do not intersect, have quietly stirred within both fields for over a century, providing scientists and artists with fresh perspectives. They exist in the space between reason and romance, generating aesthetics through misunderstandings and discovering novelty through exploration. The Renaissance movement established a scientific approach to artistic representation, incorporating knowledge of light and shadow, perspective, anatomy, and more into the realm of visual art. The Impressionist movement, on the other hand, proposed a transformation in the use of color and form in painting, introducing scientific concepts of light and color into the art, challenging traditional notions of color, and establishing a modern study of color theory centered around primary and ambient colors.
The emergence of quantum mechanics not only reshaped the history of science and intellectual trends but also had an impact on the work of artists of that era. Russian artist Kazimir Malevich, for instance, believed that the tangible world did not truly exist, and only non-objectivity represented the sole existence and essence of the world. While Kandinsky＆#039;s abstract paintings still retained a symbolism with a duality of representation, and Mondrian＆#039;s abstract work contained the origins of the tangible world＆#039;s evolution, absolute non-figuration, as advocated by Malevich, rejected any reference to the tangible world or symbols in painting. Malevich＆#039;s creation of Suprematism had a tendency toward Russian nihilism, deeply influenced by Russian philosopher Nikolai Berdyaev, emphasizing human freedom and the spiritual will of existence. His philosophical content traversed theories of existence and phenomenology from figures like Eckhart to Heidegger, drawing on the distinction between substance and appearance as presented by Schelling, Schopenhauer, and Nietzsche.
In Eastern philosophy, from Laozi＆#039;s "Wei Wu Wei" (actionless action) to Zhuangzi＆#039;s "All things are the same," and even in Huainanzi＆#039;s "Original Way," the concept of "Dao" has been continuously expounded upon. It extends from the heavens to encompass the earth, expands in all directions, reaching incomprehensible heights and depths, enveloping the universe, and in its invisibility, nurtures all things. This "Dao" is, in essence, the spiritual will of nature.
Artist Shen Changming, starting from a humanistic perspective, has experienced the various comings and goings, life and death, and reunions and separations in his life. Through these experiences, he has come to understand the absolute nature of spiritual existence and embarked on a journey to explore the principles of the cosmic world. As described in the Tao Te Ching by Laozi: "Something mysteriously formed, born before heaven and earth. In the silence and the void, standing alone and unchanging, ever-circulating without end, able to be the mother of the world." The creation and dissolution of all things in the world are merely reflections of the will. In the scientific realm, the theory of quantum mechanics fundamentally alters humanity＆#039;s understanding of material structures and their interactions.
The "Yijing" holds a central place in Shen Changming＆#039;s perspective. The "Yijing" serves as the cosmological foundation of Chinese philosophy and the bedrock of human ethics. It posits that the interplay of yin and yang is the fundamental law governing the development of all things. The world is composed of these two aspects, two forces, which are complementary, mutually transformative, and must not be neglected. They constitute the essence of things and the laws governing their movements. Philosophers discuss the existence of the cosmic world, while scientists continually probe the origins of the universe.
In the "Big Bang" theory, our universe originated from a region of infinite smallness, high temperature, and density devoid of matter, violating all known physical laws. It initiated a sudden and dramatic expansion process, allowing matter to form. Ahmed Farag Ali and Saurya Das published a paper proposing a new model by modifying quantum equations and constructing orbits. This novel hypothesis posits that the universe is composed of a quantum fluid containing numerous hypothetical gravitons. According to this model, the universe has eternal life, never had a beginning, and will never have an end. Our understanding of the world has shifted from ontology to epistemology.
Spinoza＆#039;s view of God in "Ethics" is that God is an integral part of a deterministic universe where nothing happens by chance. Einstein developed a concept of deterministic nature inspired by Spinoza＆#039;s philosophy, believing that all things are governed by strict laws.
Drawing from both Eastern and Western philosophy, the humanities, and the science of cosmogenesis and phenomena, Shen Changming has developed a unique quantum art theory and belief system that spans from life＆#039;s insights to artistic creation. "In memory of my departed son, I repeatedly transcribed the Heart Sutra onto the canvas, creating a distinctive texture after numerous repetitions. This process led me to grasp the concept of yin and yang, as well as the interplay of the virtual and the real, opening up a new creative path for me. The act of creation is also a form of self-reflection, and I gradually came to realize that many things in life need not be overly attached to. Each person is an energy emanating from a shared magnetic field and domain. After departing this physical existence, we return to our source."
A canvas is, in essence, a generated universe. Before an artist imparts their will onto it, the world of this canvas already exists. Through the accumulation of time and space on the canvas, the artist＆#039;s beliefs and intentions overlay upon it, sequentially creating another world of phenomena. However, the original world still exists; it＆#039;s just taken on a different form, seen differently through our eyes. Yet, its essence has always remained unchanged. Within the canvas, Shen Changming splatters oil paint, representing the universe as he perceives it, akin to the most fundamental quantum elements, shaping the appearance of a world. And this world belongs to the artist＆#039;s perception and creation.
The "Yijing" begins with the two hexagrams of Qian and Kun, with Qian composed of six yang lines and Kun composed of six yin lines. Therefore, Qian represents pure yang, while Kun represents pure yin. Since everything in actual existence must have both yin and yang aspects, what Qian and Kun represent is undoubtedly an abstract principle. This principle can be observed in the transitions of day and night, the changing seasons, and even in the smallest details like grains of sand and individual leaves. Shen Changming, drawing from quantum mechanics theory, channels the overly romantic aspects towards a rational balance, approaching the "Yijing" and everyday thoughts with a scientific spirit. In his paintings, there is often an intuitive element beyond consciousness, but he always brings the viewer back to reality with rationality.
Approaching painting as a scientific study, Shen Changming infuses the spirit of experimentation into his artwork. He introduces quantum elements into his paintings by mixing pigments with fine sand, creating an effect where colors both converge and stand independently, resulting in a visually vibrant and rich composition that transcends the scientific theories of light and shadow found in Impressionism. In Eastern thought, every grain of sand represents a world, each world containing myriad qualities, and these worlds combine to form a larger universe. Sand symbolizes the smallest visible particles, analogous to the quantum realm, where quantum elements construct the diversity of the world. Shen utilizes sand relief carving alongside the transcription of Heart Sutra in seal script, creating a dual-layered spatial dimension within the artwork. Each stroke in the painting exudes metaphysical and philosophical concepts of "Dao."
In terms of technique, he enhances visual richness through splattering, and he employs a yin-yang carving technique to bring three-dimensional sculptural effects to two-dimensional paintings. Similar to the method used in seal engraving, he constructs spatial depth in the artwork, allowing for more whitespace, blurring the line between abstraction and concreteness. By employing visual misalignment, when viewed from different angles, the artwork presents an interplay between text and image, offering two distinct experiences for reading and viewing. Moreover, each individual character carries its unique and complete world within it. The diverse variations created within a single composition are a testament to Shen Changming＆#039;s artistic achievements developed through years of in-depth exploration.
Pioneers may be solitary, but they are never lonely. Solitude is a necessary immersion, revealing the depths of one＆#039;s being and providing a clearer understanding of the world during moments of introspection between day and night. Through Shen Changming＆#039;s creation of quantum art, we also discover a new world, not only visible to the eyes but also felt within the soul.
✦ 展名 |微觀量子裡的易
✦ 地點 |弎畫廊(台南市中西區忠義路二段186號)
✦ 參展藝術家 |沈昌明 Chang-Ming Shen
✦ 展期 | 2023/12/2(六)-2023/12/30(六)
✦ 開幕茶會暨藝術家導覽 | 12/2(六) 下午4:30-6:00
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日期：2023-12-09 ~ 2024-02-24｜台灣，台南市2 days left